Vamana And Virechana In The Remedy Of Kushta

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By Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
Kushta is a time period which incorporates many pores and skin problems. In keeping with Ayurveda there are 18 varieties of kushta. All varieties of kushtas are triggered attributable to aggravation of all three doshas. Despite all three doshas being concerned within the causation of kushtas one or the opposite doshas might be predominant. Attributable to extreme aggravation of doshas within the pathogenesis of kushta, cleaning therapies ought to be administered continuously since there might be possibilities of recurrences. That is achieved by skillful administration of Panchakarma therapies relying on the predominance of doshas within the causation of the illness. Vamana is one among the many 5 therapies of Panchakarma and is most well-liked in illnesses attributable to predominant aggravation of kapha. Vamana can also be a most well-liked therapy in Kushtas attributable to predominant vitiation of kapha.
Learn – Maha Kushta: Main Pores and skin Ailments, Signs, Prognosis

Vamana In The Remedy of Kushta

Vamana in Kapha predominant Kushta
Vamana i.e. therapeutic emesis has been stated to be the therapy of alternative within the pores and skin problems attributable to vitiated kapha. Broadly two circumstances are defined pertaining to administration of vamana in Kushta by Grasp Charaka.

1. In kapha predominant kushta
As a rule vamana – therapeutic emesis shall be administered as the primary line of therapy in kapha predominant kushtas. It’s the greatest remedy for kapha predominant kushtas. Repeated emesis remedy may even forestall the recurrence of kapha predominant kushta and supply immunity towards the illness. Due to this fact, exact analysis of kapha predominant kushtas by recognizing the signs manifested therein is essential from doctor’s perspective.

The place to get the formulations for emesis from?
Grasp Charaka tells that the formulations for emesis as talked about and defined in Kalpa Sthana part (of Charaka Samhita) shall be chosen for emesis remedy. Although there are 6 chapters devoted for emesis therapies and formulations in Kalpa Sthana part there are solely finger depend formulations through which ‘kushta’ has been talked about as a sign. They’re as under talked about.

a. Use of Ikshvaku – Lagenaria siceraria
The pulp of Iksvaku is blended with whey and brought by the affected person affected by obstinate pores and skin illnesses together with leprosy. The identical formulation can also be suggested for sufferers of anemia and toxicities.
Learn – Leprosy Consciousness: Early Detection Is Vital

b. Use of Krtavedhana – Luffa acutangula
Krtavedhana is exceedingly pungent, sharp and sizzling in nature. It’s helpful in deep seated illnesses, primarily kushta vis-à-vis obstinate pores and skin illnesses together with leprosy. Krtavedhana can also be successfully used within the therapy of illnesses together with anemia, splenic problems, edema, phantom tumors and toxicosis.

Can different herbs talked about in Kalpa Sthana even be utilized in therapy of Kushta?
Different herbs can be used although kushta has solely been talked about within the context of Ikshvaku and Krtavedhana. Since emesis is run in kapha predominant kushta all emetics talked about in Kalpa Sthana part might be helpful and the doctor shall use them as per the necessity and in absence of availability of ikshvaku or krtavedhana.
Learn – Vamanopaga Gana: Emesis Aiding Herbs: Assessment, Advantages, Formulations

2. In Kushtas manifesting in higher elements of the physique
In case of Kushtas manifesting within the higher elements of the physique, when there may be aggravation of doshas primarily kapha within the chest, emesis ought to be administered utilizing shitarasa (chilly decoction / juice) or pakvarasa (processed / sizzling decoction) of the under talked about herbs blended with the juice of neem –

  • Kutajaphala / Indrayava – fruit or seeds of Holarrhena antidysenterica
  • Madanaphala – fruits of Randia dumetorum
  • Madhuka – Glycyrrhiza glabra
  • Patola – Trichosanthes dioica

Honey and Licorice are additionally used as efficient emetics on this situation.
Learn – Guidelines For Vamana and Virechana Remedy- Charak Samhita Sutrasthan 15

Kapha predominant Kushtas

1. Kushtas attributable to solely kapha vitiation
Kapha is predominantly vitiated within the under talked about Kushtas –

  • Mandala Kushta – Maha Kushta (main pores and skin illness)
  • Vicharchika – Kshudra Kushta (minor pores and skin illness)

2. Kushtas attributable to affiliation of kapha with different doshas –
In these circumstances emesis is given provided that kapha is extra dominant compared to the opposite related dosha and if the situation displays the necessity of emesis and if the affected person is eligible to bear the identical. Although this has not been talked about within the classics, right here we now have talked about this to present an expanded imaginative and prescient and subject of utilization of emesis within the therapy of kapha predominant kushtas. The selection to manage emesis or not is completely not noted to the skillful resolution of the doctor treating these circumstances.

Kapha-Pittaja Kushtas – Kapha related to pitta in –

Sl No Identify of Kushta Sort of Kushta
1 Pundarika Maha Kushta
2 Pama Kshudra Kushta
3 Shataru Kshudra Kushta
4 Visphota Kshudra Kushta
5 Dadru Kshudra Kushta
6 Charmadala Kshudra Kushta

Vata-Kaphaja Kushtas – Kapha vitiated with vata in –

Sl No Identify of Kushta Sort of Kushta
1 Sidhma Maha Kushta
2 Charma Kushta Kshudra Kushta
3 Eka Kushta Kshudra Kushta
4 Kitibha Kshudra Kushta
5 Vipadika Kshudra Kushta
6 Alasaka Kshudra Kushta

Sanskrit Verses

Virechana In The Remedy Of Kushta

Vamana or virechana – therapeutic purgation or a combo of each are administered to eradicate the morbid doshas and deal with the kushtas comprehensively. Virechana is most well-liked within the illnesses attributable to predominant aggravation of pitta. Purgation can also be a most well-liked therapy in pores and skin illnesses attributable to predominant vitiation of pitta.
Learn – Virechana Remedy – Proper Methodology, Facet Results, Administration

Virechana in Pitta predominant Kushta

As a rule virechana – therapeutic purgation shall be administered as the primary line of therapy in pitta predominant kushtas. Purgation is the perfect remedy for morbid pitta in addition to healing of pitta predominant kushtas. Recurrence of pitta predominant kushta may be prevented by repeated administration of purgation remedy. It additionally would offer immunity towards the illness. Due to this fact, exact analysis of pitta predominant kushtas by recognizing the signs manifested therein is essential from the doctor’s perspective. Aside from virechana, raktamokshana can also be talked about as one of many therapy selections within the therapy of pitta predominant kushtas. Due to this fact purgation and bloodletting are the perfect remedies for pitta predominant kushtas and shall be selectively administered.

The place to get the formulations for purgation from?
Grasp Charaka tells that the formulations for purgation (and in addition emesis) as talked about and defined in Kalpa Sthana part (of Charaka Samhita) shall be chosen for purgation remedy. There are 6 chapters devoted for purgation therapies and associated formulations in Kalpa Sthana part, there are solely few formulations through which ‘kushta’ has been talked about as a sign. They’re as under talked about.

Trivrt – Operculina turpethum
Trivrt is without doubt one of the components of Kalyanaka Guda, a formulation defined in chapter 7 of Kalpa Sthana of Charaka Samhita. This formulation has been indicated as a purgative in lots of problems. Among the many indications Kushta – pores and skin problems has additionally been talked about.

Maha-Vrksha / Sudha – Euphorbia neriifolia
Sudha is without doubt one of the greatest purgative treatments and has been indicated in lots of illnesses. It’s stated that if correctly administered Sudha rapidly eliminates the doshas even when they’re excessively amassed. Among the many indications for the utilization of Sudha, kushta – obstinate pores and skin problems together with leprosy has been talked about.

Saptala and Shankini – Euphorbia pilosa and Euphorbia dracanculoides
Kushta – pores and skin problems has been talked about amongst the indications for administration of saptala and shankini as purgative.

Can different herbs talked about in Kalpa Sthana (purgative herbs and formulations ready from the identical) even be utilized in therapy of Kushta?
The opposite herbs talked about in Kalpa Sthana can be used for administering purgation although kushta has solely been talked about within the context of Kalyanaka Gudam (Trivrt), Mahavrksha, Saptala and Shankini. Since purgation is run in pitta predominant kushta all purgatives talked about in Kalpa Sthana part is beneficial and the doctor shall use them as per the necessity and in absence of availability of the talked about herbs.

Pitta predominant Kushtas

1. Kushtas attributable to solely pitta vitiation
Pitta is predominantly vitiated in Audumbara / Udumbara Kushta – Maha Kushta (main pores and skin illness)

2. Kushtas attributable to affiliation of pitta with different doshas
In these circumstances virechana is given if pitta is predominant compared to the opposite related dosha and if the situation displays the necessity of purgation and if the affected person is eligible to bear the identical. This has not been talked about within the classics, right here it’s talked about to present an expanded imaginative and prescient of utilization of purgation within the therapy of pitta predominant kushtas.

Kapha-Pittaja Kushtas – Kapha related to pitta in –

Sl No Identify of Kushta Sort of Kushta
1 Pundarika Maha Kushta
2 Pama Kshudra Kushta
3 Shataru Kshudra Kushta
4 Visphota Kshudra Kushta
5 Dadru Kshudra Kushta
6 Charmadala Kshudra Kushta

Vata-Pittaja Kushtas – Pitta vitiated with vata in –

Sl No Identify of Kushta Sort of Kushta
1 Rshyajihva Maha Kushta

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