Quick Info: What Mother and father Must Know About Meningitis B

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Medically reviewed by Dr. Karen Bonnie

  • Meningitis B is an unusual however critical illness brought on by the micro organism Neisseria meningitidis. 5 teams of Neisseria meningitidis trigger bacterial meningitis: A, B, C, W and Y.
  • Meningitis can result in an an infection of the protecting lining of the mind and the spinal twine or an an infection of the blood, often called septicemia.
  • The micro organism that trigger meningitis B unfold when a service or contaminated particular person is available in shut contact with one other particular person. On a regular basis actions resembling coughing, sneezing, kissing, residing in shut quarters, and sharing drinks and utensils can unfold the micro organism.
  • Between 2015 to 2018, greater than 60% of meningitis instances that occurred in 16- to 23-year-olds have been brought on by meningitis B.
  • Signs of meningitis B can begin out as a extreme headache, excessive fever and stiff neck. These signs can usually be confused with the flu. Some folks have further signs resembling nausea or vomiting, chilly fingers and ft, fast respiration, a dark-purple rash, and exhaustion.
  • Signs can progress in a short time and will grow to be deadly. Regardless that most individuals get better from meningitis B, some instances might result in different circumstances, together with everlasting disabilities, mind injury, lack of limbs and probably demise.
  • Anybody can get meningitis, however charges of the illness peak in adolescence, with the very best charges amongst teenagers and younger adults 16-23 years previous. Those that reside in shut quarters, resembling faculty dorms or army barracks, are particularly in danger since they share drinks, utensils, loos and different areas.
  • The simplest approach to shield your self is vaccination. There are two kinds of vaccines: one for teams A, C, W and Y, and one other for group B. Whereas most youngsters have been vaccinated in opposition to meningitis A, C, W and Y (really helpful for 11- to 12-year-olds with a booster at age 16), most youngsters and younger adults haven’t acquired a vaccination in opposition to meningitis B (really helpful for 16- to 23-year-olds). In 2020, seven out of 10 17-year-olds within the U.S. had not acquired one dose of meningitis B vaccination. Meningitis B vaccination wasn’t obtainable till late 2014.

This useful resource was created with assist from GSK.

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