Chitta Prasadanam – 4 Virtues for Psychological Peace (In response to Yoga Sutra)


Chitta Prasadanam, as prescribed by Maharishi Patanjali in his well-known Yoga Sutras, is effective knowledge that may assist us preserve a peaceable and delightful way of thinking, whatever the actions of others.

Chitta in yoga is outlined because the mind-stuff and Prasadanam means the act of creating one thing pure and delightful. 

Chitta Prasadan is a elegant approach of clearing the thoughts from impurities by creating 4 vital psychological virtues Maitri (Friendliness), Karuna (Compassion), Mudita (Joyfulness) and Upeksha (Indifference). The apply permits us to seek out peace inside by creating loving relationships with others.

It’s defined by Patanjali within the thirty third sutra of the primary chapter Samadhi Pada, the place he prescribes the 4 attitudes we should domesticate in direction of individuals in varied conditions.

The sutra on Chitta Prasadhana is subsequent to the sutra on Chitta Vikshepa (disturbances of thoughts). Patanjali explains that disturbances of thoughts might be in type of unhappiness, disappointment, anger, imbalance in respiratory and so on. and is brought on by 9 sorts of Antarayas (distractions) that happen on a yogi’s journey to self-attainment.

Maharishi Patanjali prescribes Chitta Prasandhan as a approach to overcome the obstacles and counter the infinite wave of ideas thus created. 

Yoga Sutra 1.33

In sutra 1.33, Patanjali explains a yogi should domesticate 4 attitudes of the center in direction of individuals with the intention to lead the thoughts (Chitta) in direction of peace and happiness (Prasadanam).

The sutra goes like this:

Maitree-karuna-muditopekshanan Sukha-duhkha-punyapunyavishayanan Bhavanatash Chitta-prasadanam

Yoga Sutra 1.33

Right here’s the breakdown of phrases on this sutra.

  • Maitree – friendliness
  • Karuna – compassion
  • Mudita – Pleasure
  • Upeksha – indifference
  • Sukh – happiness
  • Dukh – unhappiness
  • Punya – virtuous acts
  • Apunya – wrongdoings
  • Vishanayam – concerning
  • Bhavana – emotions
  • Chitta – mind-stuff,
  • Prasadhan – clearing of impurities

Placing collectively phrases convey the sutra’s translation like this:

Creating friendliness in direction of the happiness of others, compassion in direction of the sorrow of others, pleasure in direction of good deeds of others and indifference in direction of wrongdoings of others clear our thoughts and allow us to expertise peace inside.

Understanding 4 psychological attitudes to achieve peace

In response to the sutra, practising the 4 psychological virtues specifically –  Maitri, Karuna, Mudita and Upeksha is the last word approach to expertise the calmness of the thoughts.

1. Maitri – friendliness

Maitri might be understood as the sensation of friendliness or loving-kindness. So this a part of the sutra suggests creating form and pleasant ideas in direction of the happiness of individuals.

Everyone knows individuals who might be extra blessed than us – be it by way of wealth, magnificence or possessions. And oftentimes we find yourself evaluating ourselves to them.

Maharishi Patanjali teaches us to regain our peace of thoughts by creating pleasant ideas in direction of the happier individuals, as a substitute of permitting the insecure ideas to enter our thoughts.

The famend yogi Swami Vivekananda interprets it as having pleasant ideas in direction of all fellow human beings; in spite of everything, we’re a part of one cosmos and related to one another in a approach.

2. Karuna – compassion

Karuna is the perspective of compassion in direction of different individuals’s sorrows. This a part of the sutra teaches us to develop loving compassion in direction of people who find themselves in ache or struggling. 

The thoughts could also be accustomed to being detached in direction of different individuals’s ache as a result of it isn’t our personal. Or we might really feel pity for individuals who aren’t as blessed as us. However the feeling of pity solely separates us from them.

As a substitute, coaching the thoughts to really feel real compassion and concern in direction of others permits us to attach with them and our greater self finally.

3. Mudita – Pleasure 

Mudita means pleasure or delight. This a part of the sutra teaches us to develop gladness over the great deeds and achievements of others, as a substitute of permitting envious emotions to take over our thoughts.

Jealousy is a vice that may simply plague us once we hear of others’ achievements. In truth, the human thoughts is able to searching for flaws even in probably the most virtuous individuals.

Whereas it is probably not pure for us to really feel elated over a neighbour or colleague’s achievements, we do really feel joyous over the achievements of our shut ones. The distinction is that we expertise the happiness of solely those that we really feel related with.

We should remind ourselves that we’re all related on this world. And feeling genuinely comfortable for all others, devoid of any envy, permits the divine peace to movement inside us.

4. Upeksha – Apunya

The phrase Upeksha is displaying indifference or neutrality in direction of unfavorable habits or vices of others. And this can be the hardest half to apply.

Let’s admit, it takes deliberate effort to not act judgemental in direction of others. The thoughts can cling on to the errors performed by others and search for alternatives to appropriate them. 

Maharishi Patanjali advocates precisely the alternative of this behavior – to indicate acceptance or ‘equanimity’ in direction of the incorrect actions.

A simple approach to instil this behavior is by reminding ourselves that all of us make errors whereas being unaware of them. Others might be doing the identical. We should let our thoughts settle for that ‘merely overlooking different individuals’s wrongdoings’ is the prescribed approach to discovering peace in accordance with our historic scriptures.

Practising over preaching

Although all of it sounds good, can we actually inculcate these attitudes in our every day life conditions? Though our thoughts might be accustomed to doing simply the alternative?

Nicely, the precise approach in accordance with yogic philosophy is to coach our thoughts by means of Abhyaas and Vairagya (apply by repeated motion and fixed state of detachment).

As soon as these psychological virtues translate into our behaviour; they may also help us take care of even probably the most tough conditions with ease and foster loving relationships with others.

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